Gareth Evans been President of the International Crisis Group since 2000. He was Foreign Minister of Australia from 1988 to 1996, co-chair of the International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty, a member of the Secretary-General's High-Level Panel on Threats, Challenges and Change and is co-chair of the International Advisory Board of the Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect. This note draws on International Crisis Group Europe Report No 195, Russia vs Georgia: The Fallout, 22 August 2008, especially pp. 28-29, and Gareth Evans, Russia and the "Responsibilty to Protect", Los Angeles Times, 31 August 2008.
In this article, Gareth Evans argues that the Russian claim that the intervention in Georgia was justified by reference to ‘Responsibility to Protect’ principles is superficial. Per Evans – who was instrumental in drafting the Responsibility to Protect Report – its doctrine does not provide a basis for the protection of citizens outside of one’s own borders. According to Evans, even if this aspect were overlooked, the threat to the South Ossetian population was nonetheless not of a sufficient nature and scale to render military force necessary.