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Scientific Articles

360 Degrees of Segregation: A Historical Perspective of Segregation-Era School Equalization Programs in the Southern United States

Authors:

Kamina A. Pinder ,

Atlanta’s John Marshall Law School; U.S. Department of Education, US
About Kamina A.
Kamina Aliya Pinder is an Associate Professor of Law and a former program attorney. Thank you to my greatest supporters: Spencer, Joseph, and my parents Frank and Lover Henderson.
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Evan R. Hanson

Atlanta's John Marshall Law School, US
About Evan R.
Evan R. Hanson, JD Candidate, December 2010. I would like to thank Professor Kamina Pinder, without whom this project would have never come to fruition; my wife, Nancy; and my daughters, Sarah and Catherine, for their support, and the staff of the Georgia Archives.
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Abstract

The modern school finance litigation movement in the United States is largely based on the presumption that school funding is correlative to the academic success of poor and minority children. Although the start of this movement is generally recognized as beginning in 1971, its more notable precursors are the southern school equalization programs of the 1940s and 50s. This article explores the impact of a historic attempt to preserve de jure segregation through an equalized school funding program to black and white schools; it then compares that program and its effects to current levels of funding and achievement in the South’s mostly de facto segregated schools.

How to Cite: Pinder, K.A. and Hanson, E.R., 2010. 360 Degrees of Segregation: A Historical Perspective of Segregation-Era School Equalization Programs in the Southern United States. Amsterdam Law Forum, 2(3), pp.49–70. DOI: http://doi.org/10.37974/ALF.129
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Published on 19 Jul 2010.
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